The Regional Development Council of Central Visayas is the highest policy-making body in the region and serves as the counterpart of the NEDA Board at the subnational level. It is the primary institution that coordinates and sets the direction of all economic and social development efforts in the region. It also serves as the forum where local efforts can be related and integrated with national development activities.
The RDC was organized in 1974 through the Letter of Implementation (LOI) No. 22 which was issued on December 31, 1972 pursuant to the implementation of the Integrated Reorganization Plan of 1972. Its present constitutional foundation rests on Article X, Section 14 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, which provides that:
- “The President shall provide for regional development councils, or other similar bodies composed of local government officials, regional heads of departments and other offices, and representatives from non-government organizations within the region for purposes of administrative decentralization to strengthen the autonomy of units therein and to accelerate the economic and social development of the units in the region.”
- To make the RDC more effective n carrying out its constitutional mandate as vehicle for accelerated administrative decentralization, it was reorganized through Executive Order No. 308 issued on November 5, 1987. Subsequent amendments include EO Nos. 318 (s. 1988), 347 and 366 (s. 1989), 455 (s. 1991) and 505 (s. 1992). On April 12, 1996 the RDC was again reorganized with the issuance of EO 325 (s. 1996) to further strengthen the RDCs to make it more responsive o new developments in socio-political fields and to ensure sustainable and broad-based development process. Recognizing labor as a primary social and economic force, EO 384 was subsequently issued on 07 December 1996 thereby institutionalizing the labor sector representation in the RDCs. The regular membership of the Council was further expanded in 2002 to include the Commission on Higher Education and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority, taking cognizance of their role as major stakeholders in the generation of high-level and technical manpower at the regional level (EO 143). The reconstitution of the membership of the NEDA Board in 2006 with the issuance of Administrative Order No. 148 paved the way for the membership of the Department of Energy, the Commission of Information and Communications Technology and the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council in the RDC.
- The RDC under EO 325 (s. 1996) has become more responsive to the increased autonomy of the LGUs as provided for by the 1991 Local Government Code (RA No. 7160). In particular, EO 325 was issued to enable the RDC to respond effectively to the increased needs of the LGUs for technical assistance in the areas of planning, investment programming and project development in the light of the LGUs’ strengthened roles and greater responsibilities. The RDC’s relevance is further highlighted through the major functions it is mandated to do such as the coordination of the implementation of programs in the regions involving several local government units and agencies. The technical assistance it provides to LGUs, upon request, extends to the preparation of local development plans and programs and fulfilling requirements of LGU projects proposed to be funded under the Official Development Assistance.